The exponential rate of the spread of coronavirus is the reason behind the pandemic to which the world has surrendered. Among all the countries, India has the most significant number of cases in entire Asia and is presently ranked third in the world after the United States and Brazil.
The first case was reported back on 30th January 2020, and after that, the growth rate was exponential, which lead to several lockdowns in the country. The most affected states of India are Maharastra, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Delhi, as of 13th August 2020.
Even after the lockdown, the number of cases was increasing at a faster rate. But the fatality rate of India is very low, and it is still declining with time. This is because the significant population in India is of youth, with more than 65% of the population comes under the age of 35, who have a better immunity system as compared to older people.
Hence, mainly older people are the most affected by this virus. There are several reasons why coronavirus is not under control in India. In this article, we are going to throw light on the most prominent reasons, because of which coronavirus is not in control in India.
1. Social Distancing
To reduce the spread of coronavirus in India, social distancing is the best measure that can be implemented. This will help in ceasing the number of new cases, and it would make the contact tracing very easy. The implementation of lockdown at the initial stage of the pandemic by the Government of India has helped a lot in preventing the spread of COVID-19.
Even the citizens of India abide by the sudden decision taken by the government. If you look at the increase in the number of new cases during the lockdown, it was mainly because of untraced contacts caused before the lockdown.
2. Population Density of the Country
Maintaining social distancing is a bit difficult in a country that has the second-largest population in the world. This is the reason why India is recording a large number of new cases daily. In this case, isolation becomes difficult if the majority of the population is infected by the virus.
Even if you consider a person tested COVID-19 positive, there is a very high chance that his/her family would be tested positive, and it becomes worst if you have a large number of family members. This is the cause that it is becoming challenging to control the spread of disease.
3. Defense System of the Host
The adaptive and innate immune system of our body plays an essential role in helping us fight against any contagious microorganism. If we consider the case of coronavirus, at its initial phase, the virus affects your upper respiratory tracts, and from then onwards, it mainly depends on the immunity system of your body.
So, if you have a weak immunity system, it fails to destroy the virus, which leads to the infection in your lower respiratory tracts. From there, the virus replicates at a faster rate affecting your lung tissue, and that causes shortness of breath and ultimately leads to death. Therefore, the population having weaker immunity system are more prone to COVID-19.
4. Health History of the Host
People prone to diabetics, blood pressure, kidney disease, or any other health issues are most affected by the coronavirus. This is because their immune system is already down, which makes it difficult to prevent the spread of the virus. At this critical stage, the immune system releases a huge amount of cytokines into the blood destroying the tissues.
This leads to multiple organs dysfunction, which can eventually lead to death. This is why people with prevailing health conditions are requested to take extra precautions as it would be very difficult for them to fight the virus.
5. Direct or Indirect Contact
We all know that spread of coronavirus can occur by both direct as well as indirect contact. At this time of the pandemic, our actions can either protect or doom us. Government, media body, citizens, communities are all taking steps to prevent the infection, and it all depends on our reaction to it.
While taking preventive measures, we are protecting ourselves and, indeed others, hence doing what a responsible citizen is supposed to do. Even WHO is restricting the travel from the infected regions to prevent the transmission of the infection as “prevention is better than cure.”
At this crucial time, it would be better to take preventive measures and be a responsible citizen of the nation. Your careless behavior, not only harms you but also the people around you. Considering all the factors mentioned above and taking appropriate measures at the right time, help in preventing the spread of coronavirus, which is killing thousands of people every day.